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The main reason for network congestion is using TCP/IP protocol for transmission. In this paper, the technique called bandwidth estimation is used to avoid congestion in the network which uses TCP/IP protocol mechanism. It finds out the equilibrium point of the window and then the size of the window is adjusted in a round trip time. Initially the TCP and Active Queue Management technique is discussed on congestion avoidance. Then with the bandwidth estimation technique congestion control isfatcat:ybpcpwfa5jhozoqd7tnhobrg6q