Social memory in everyday life: Recall of self-events and other-events

John J. Skowronski, Andrew L. Betz, Charles P. Thompson, Laura Shannon
1991 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology  
A self-and other-diary method was used to investigate the factors affecting memory for different aspects of real-world events. Ss kept a diary of unique events that happened to them during the course of an academic quarter and kept a 2nd diary of unique events that had happened to a close relative or acquaintance. At the end of the quarter, Ss provided both memory and date estimates for all events. When each diary entry was made, Ss provided ratings of the event's memorability, pleasantness,
more » ... y, pleasantness, and person typicality. The impact of (a) these prerating factors, (b) the type of diary (self or other), and (c) the gender of the diary keeper on both memory for event content and memory for temporal aspects of the event was assessed. Implications for real-world memory and dating judgments and implications for the principles of social memory that have emerged from laboratory research in social cognition are discussed. content analysis: Chris Gable and W Richard Walker; (c) Dona I Carlston, Constantine Sedikides, Tom Ostrom, and the Social Cognition Group at Ohio State University (particularly Kathy Kost, Kathy Gannon, Brooke Leaton, and Pam Hall) for their valuable comments on drafts of this article; (d) Bud MacCallum for his timely statistical advice; and (e) the four anonymous reviewers of a draft of this article for their helpful comments and suggestions.
doi:10.1037//0022-3514.60.6.831 fatcat:lpxqqr3bbrcrjlwhyqehflclfq