I am smart, therefore I can: examining the relationship between IQ and self-efficacy across cultures

Diomaris E.S. Jurecska, Chloe E. Lee, Kelly B.T. Chang, Elizabeth Sequeira
2011 International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health  
The purpose of this article is to examine the relationship between intelligence (IQ) and self-effi cacy in children and adolescents living in the United States and Nicaragua. The sample consisted of 90 (46 male, 44 female) students (mean age = 11.57 years, SD = 3.0 years) referred by school administrators and faculty. United States (US) participants (n = 27) resided in rural counties in the Northwest. The other group consisted of 63 students from Central America. A comparison between groups
more » ... aled that in the US, sample higher grades and IQ scores are typically associated with higher levels of self-effi cacy. However in the Nicaraguan sample, both IQ scores and grades were not associated with self-effi cacy, although age was correlated with self-effi cacy. Results suggest that the construct of self-effi cacy might change depending on whether one belongs to an individualistic or collectivistic society. Additionally, the effects of socioeconomic factors might infl uence perceived ability even more than intellectual abilities.
doi:10.1515/ijamh.2011.046 fatcat:infwvd3adfc7nfq74lzf2jfhzy