Estimation of the isotope effect on the lattice thermal conductivity of group IV and group III-V semiconductors

D. T. Morelli, J. P. Heremans, G. A. Slack
2002 Physical Review B (Condensed Matter)  
The isotope effect on the lattice thermal conductivity for group IV and group III-V semiconductors is calculated using the Debye-Callaway model modified to include both transverse and longitudinal phonon modes explicitly. The frequency and temperature dependences of the normal and umklapp phonon-scattering rates are kept the same for all compounds. The model requires as adjustable parameters only the longitudinal and transverse phonon Grüneisen constants and the effective sample diameter. The
more » ... del can quantitatively account for the observed isotope effect in diamond and germanium but not in silicon. The magnitude of the isotope effect is predicted for silicon carbide, boron nitride, and gallium nitride. In the case of boron nitride the predicted increase in the room-temperature thermal conductivity with isotopic enrichment is in excess of 100%. Finally, a more general method of estimating normal phonon-scattering rate coefficients for other types of solids is presented.
doi:10.1103/physrevb.66.195304 fatcat:5jda4z66rbagvh6pn3vikckfni