Extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation is required for up-regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor by serum starvation in human colon carcinoma cells

Y D Jung, K Nakano, W Liu, G E Gallick, L M Ellis
1999 Cancer Research  
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent angiogenic factor important for colon cancer neovascularization. In previous studies, serum starvation led to induction of VEGF in human colon carcinoma cells. We investigated the possible participation of mitogen-activated protein kinases in serum starvation induction of VEGF in the HT29 human colon carcinoma cell line. The extracellular signal-regulated kinases (Erks) 1 and 2 were activated after 3-6 h of serum starvation. Using transient
more » ... ransfection of VEGF promoter-reporter constructs, serum starvation led to an increase in VEGF promoter activity. An inhibitor of phosphorylation of Erk-1/2 blocked the increase of VEGF expression and promoter activity induced by serum starvation. Serum starvation activates several mitogen-activated protein kinases, but activation of Erk-1/2 is critical for the up-regulation of VEGF mRNA in colon carcinoma cells.
pmid:10519388 fatcat:zszacbblcffmxesll26pefo4be