Correction of the Deviated Nose in Korean Rhinoplasty
Korean Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
and ObjectivesZZThe surgical techniques based on the classification system based on Western individuals for the correction of deviated nose should be modified because of the differences in the anatomy of the nose for Korean individuals. To evaluate the usefulness of a classification system that has been designed for the esthetics and deviated nose of Korean individuals, we used that to analyze the surgical outcomes of rhinoplasty for deviated nose for 76 Korean patients. Subjects and
... enty six patients who underwent rhinoplasty for deviated nose between January 2010 and June 2016 were reviewed retrospectively. All patients were classified with Jang's classification system and surgical techniques were analyzed according to the classification. Surgical outcomes were evaluated based on the preoperative and postoperative photo taken of the patient's nose. The degree of nasal deviation, tip projection index, nasofrontal angle and columellar-labial angle were measured. ResultsZZDeviated nose was classified into type I (34%), type II (26%), type III (13%), type IV (9%), and type V (17%). Preoperative and postoperative anthropometric measurements revealed that the mean degree of deviation changed from 8.84° to 3.01° (p<0.01); the tip projection index changed from 0.54 to 0.58 (p<0.01), and the degree of nasofrontal angle changed from 131.55° to 133.14° (p<0.01). Aside from the residual deviations, complications included a shifting of the dorsal graft, an inverted V-deformity from the depression of the middorsum after the spreader graft and incomplete hump removal. ConclusionZZAnalysis based on the said classification system and personal esthetics showed good surgical outcomes for rhinoplasty to correct deviated nose. Therefore, it would be helpful to treat Korean patients for the correction of deviated nose by using both classification system and personal esthetics that are based on Korean individuals.