İçme suyu havzası koruma sınırlarının belirlenmesine yeni yöntem önerisi: Kırklareli barajı içme suyu havzası örneği

Azem KURU, Azime Tezer
2019 Gazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik-Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi  
Highlights: Graphical/Tabular Abstract  Integrated watershed management model  Morphological data in watershed management  Ecosystem services in watershed management Purpose: To create a watershed management model based on ecosystem services potential and morphological properties instead of distance-based watershed management Theory and Methods: In the proposed model, firstly the land use changes of the drinking water basin of the Kırklareli City were evaluated for different years by using
more » ... rine Land Cover Data. Secondly, a variety of morphological data have produced as an effective decision support tool in the provision of ecosystem services approach and protectionutilization balance of the basin. Morphological properties of watershed that effect water protection process defined as; elevation, slope, land cover, geology, erosion, distance to stream bed and distance to water body, and scored according to degree of impact on water flow rate in addition to ecosystem services potential. Ecosystem services and morphological properties evaluated in holistic approach. Finally, primary, secondary and tertiary conservation areas were determined. Results: The study integrates the euclidean distance measurement system and unique features of the region to create sustainable drinking water basin conservation management. Conclusion: This study contributes to the literature by taking into account the ecological subjective values of the watershed to determine the conservation areas in order to ensure the protection of drinking water basins. The study carried out in order to eliminate the shortcomings experienced in the protection concept which is only taken into consideration the euclidean distances.
doi:10.17341/gazimmfd.486855 fatcat:qt4mbmhyvzgbtauq7s74afiu3e