Asymmetric Double Quantum Dots as a Subminiature Mesoscopic Cell
Communications in Theoretical Physics
A subminiature mesoscopic cell, consisting of an asymmetric double quantum dot capacitively coupled to a nearby mesoscopic circuit, is proposed, which can transform disordered noise energy to ordered electric energy. Two schemes, the noise originating from the nearby mesoscopic circuit and from the electromagnetic wave disturbance in external environment, are investigated. We found that the proposed cell can manifest as a good constant current source and the output current may not reach its largest value even if the circuit is shorted.