Benign Broncho-esophageal Fistula Presenting as Unresolved Pneumonia

Waseem Hajjar, Lamyaa Althawadi, Nada Semaih, Adnan Hajjar, Sami Al-Nassar
2019 Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons  
Benign acquired broncho-esophageal fistula (BEF) in adults is a very rare entity and has not been reported properly in the literature, compared to malignant BEF. Nonetheless, infection has predisposed most of the reported benign acquired BEF cases. We report here a case of tuberculous BEF, in a patient with a history of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). He presented with recurrent chest infections, and choking. Upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy showed BEF due to tuberculous mediastinal
more » ... diastinal lymphadenopathy, and the patient was managed by surgery successfully. He was prepared for surgery for one month by nutritional support and anti-tuberculous treatment.
doi:10.29271/jcpsp.2019.12.s148 pmid:31779772 fatcat:tt2rpkoxpfgunjd6lp3smvooja