Livelihood Impacts of Environmental Conservation Programmes in the Amhara Region of Ethiopia
Journal of Sustainable Development
In this study, multistage sampling technique was used. 132 households were selected out of 2,943 households in three sampled kebeles (the lowest administrative structure in Ethiopia) of Godere Woreda (Woreda is administrative structure above Kebele). Household-based interview, key informants interview (KII) and transect walk were used in order to collect data. Practiced households have harvested an average of 44.74 quintal of crop production per hectare per year while non-practiced households
... cticed households reaped a mean of 23.29 quintal of crop production per hectare per year with mean difference equivalent to 21.5 kg while practiced households earned an average of 3282.58 and nonpracticed households earned a mean of 2661.97 Ethiopian birr per household per year with mean difference equivalent to 620.6. Practiced households demand an average of four persons while nonpracticed households require an average of two persons per household. Practiced households use a mean of 30.89 kg of Di-amonnium phosphate (DAP) while non-practiced households use an average of 62.92 kg in their crop fields with mean difference equivalent to 32.03 kg. Practiced households use a mean of 22.27 kg of Urea fertilizer per household in their crop fields whereas non-practiced households use an average of 53.56 kg with mean difference equivalent to 31.28 kg of Urea fertilizer per household. With these findings, it is rationale to conclude that SWC measures have positive impact on crop production. It has slight contribution to household income. Labour demand (household and hired) increase, level of inorganic fertilizer use decrease but use of organic fertilizer increase. Thus, it is worth to recommend that non-practiced households need to be aware about the advantages of conservation measures but with due consideration to challenges hindering adoption. SWC measures need to be integrated with other income generating activities.