Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks: A Review of Recent Issues and Challenges

Khalid Mahmood Awan, Peer Azmat Shah, Khalid Iqbal, Saira Gillani, Waqas Ahmad, Yunyoung Nam
2019 Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing  
Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs) contain several components such as vehicles and sensors that are deployed in a specific acoustic area to perform collaborative monitoring and data collection tasks. These networks are used interactively between different nodes and ground-based stations. Presently, UWSNs face issues and challenges regarding limited bandwidth, high propagation delay, 3D topology, media access control, routing, resource utilization, and power constraints. In the last few
more » ... decades, research community provided different methodologies to overcome these issues and challenges; however, some of them are still open for research due to variable characteristics of underwater environment. In this paper, a survey of UWSN regarding underwater communication channel, environmental factors, localization, media access control, routing protocols, and effect of packet size on communication is conducted. We compared presently available methodologies and discussed their pros and cons to highlight new directions of research for further improvement in underwater sensor networks.
doi:10.1155/2019/6470359 fatcat:zwfjxuvoizaeppr2zhdelpxxmm