Pharmacological and genetic manipulations of Ca2+ signaling have contrasting effects on auxin-regulated trafficking [article]

Steffen Vanneste, Ren Wang, Ellie Himschoot, Matteo Grenzi, Jian Chen, Melanie Krebs, Karin Schumacher, Moritz K Nowack, Daniël Van Damme, Ive De Smet, Tom Beeckman, Alex Costa (+1 others)
2020 biorxiv/medrxiv   pre-print
A large part of a plants' developmental plasticity relies on the activities of the phytohormone auxin and the regulation of its own distribution. This process involves a cohort of transcriptional and non-transcriptional effects of auxin on polar auxin transport, regulating the abundancy, biochemical activity and polar localization of the molecular components, predominantly PIN auxin exporters. While the transcriptional auxin signaling cascade has been well characterized, the mechanism and role
more » ... f non-transcriptional auxin signaling remains largely elusive. Here, we addressed the potential involvement of auxin-induced Ca2+ signaling in auxin's inhibitory effect on PIN endocytic trafficking. On the one hand, exogenous manipulations of Ca2+ availability and signaling effectively antagonized auxin effects suggesting that auxin-induced Ca2+ signaling is required for inhibition of internalization. On the other hand, we addressed the auxin-mediated inhibition of PIN internalization in the auxin signaling (tir1afb2,3) or Ca2+ channel (cngc14) mutants. These mutants were strongly defective in auxin-triggered Ca2+ signaling, but not in auxin-inhibited internalization. These data imply that, while Ca2+ signaling may be required for normal PIN trafficking, auxin-mediated increase in Ca2+ signaling is not a direct part of a downstream mechanism that mediates auxin effects on Brefeldin A-visualized PIN intercellular aggregation. These contrasting results obtained by comparing the mutant analysis versus the exogenous manipulations of Ca2+ availability and signaling illustrate the critical importance of genetics to unravel the role of Ca2+ in a process of interest.
doi:10.1101/2020.09.04.283101 fatcat:3w3ve5c2n5akzllf3yjv4c6q2a