FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH SOCIAL PARTICIPATION ACCORDING TO RESIDENCE AREA AMONG ELDERLY IN INDONESIA

Laila Ulfa, Ratu Ayu Dewi Sartika, Kusharisupeni .
2019 PEOPLE International Journal of Social Sciences  
Social participation in elderly is an important component of active aging. The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with social participation in elderly by differential residence area (urban/rural). This cross-sectional study involved all subjects (n = 2900) aged ≥ 60 years old from Indonesia Family Life Survey data (IFLS) 2014. Chi-square analysis were used to identify factors associated with social participation. This study found that the proportion of social participation
more » ... in elderly in urban area was greater than rural. Factors associated with social participation both in rural and urban areas were level of education and working status. According to mental health problem, anxious was significantly related to social participation in elderly in rural area, while in urban area was isolated. This result implies that sociodemographic is an important factor of social participation in the elderly, and mental health PEOPLE: International Journal of Social Sciences Mental health grouped into "not healthy" who experience any disorder and "healthy" who has never experienced a disorder. Results The sample consisted of 1577 (54.4%) elderly living in urban areas and 1323 (45.6%), of the elderly living in rural areas, the average age of the elderly was 66.83 ± 5.9 years (min 60-101
doi:10.20319/pijss.2019.43.17741787 fatcat:zbda6xnep5hqbpfkeqzjso7bsu