Prenatal testosterone improves the spatial learning and memory by protein synthesis in different lobes of the brain in the male and female rat

Cristian Gurzu, Vlad Artenie, Lucian Hritcu, Alin Ciobica
2008 Open Life Sciences  
AbstractThe high density of the steroid hormone receptors in the structures of temporal lobe involved in learning and memory, such as the hippocampus, perirhinal cortex, entorhinal cortex and amigdaloid complex, shows that there must be a direct relationship between gonadal hormones and organizational effects of steroid hormones in those structures during development of the nervous system. The present study was undertaken in order to investigate the effect of testosterone administration during
more » ... inistration during the third week of gestation on the spatial memory formation of the offspring rats and the level of soluble proteins in the temporal lobe and frontal lobe of brain, as evidence of important organizational effects of androgens during prenatal development in brain sexual dimorphism. Animals have received testosterone undecanoate on days 14, 15, 16 and 19, 20, 21 of gestation. Learning and memory tests were started 100 days after the testosterone treatment. At the end of the experiments, the temporal and frontal lobes of brain were removed for assessing the level of soluble proteins. Testosterone treatment significantly improved spontaneous alternations percentage of male offspring in Y-maze task comparative with female offspring and reference memory in radial 8 arm-maze task (decreasing in number of reference memory errors in both male and female offspring groups), suggesting effects of both short and long-term memory. Also, testosterone significantly increased the brain soluble protein level of treated female rats in 14–16 prenatal days compared with the control group as well as the brain soluble protein level of treated male rats. These results suggest that steroid hormones play an important role in the spatial learning and memory formation by means of protein synthesis in different lobes of the brain.
doi:10.2478/s11535-008-0003-z fatcat:lpoplewsrffwfkweycr67i4flm