A family of fifth-order Runge-Kutta pairs

S. N. Papakostas, G. Papageorgiou
1996 Mathematics of Computation  
The construction of a Runge-Kutta pair of order 5(4) with the minimal number of stages requires the solution of a nonlinear system of 25 order conditions in 27 unknowns. We define a new family of pairs which includes pairs using 6 function evaluations per integration step as well as pairs which additionally use the first function evaluation from the next step. This is achieved by making use of Kutta's simplifying assumption on the original system of the order conditions, i.e., that all the
more » ... nal nodes of a method contributing to the estimation of the endpoint solution provide, at these nodes, cost-free second-order approximations to the true solution of any differential equation. In both cases the solution of the resulting system of nonlinear equations is completely classified and described in terms of five free parameters. Optimal Runge-Kutta pairs with respect to minimized truncation error coefficients, maximal phase-lag order and various stability characteristics are presented. These pairs were selected under the assumption that they are used in Local Extrapolation Mode (the propagated solution of a problem is the one provided by the fifth-order formula of the pair). Numerical results obtained by testing the new pairs over a standard set of test problems suggest a significant improvement in efficiency when using a specific pair of the new family with minimized truncation error coefficients, instead of some other existing pairs.
doi:10.1090/s0025-5718-96-00718-1 fatcat:dimp56fqezg2tl7qr2weab5h6y