The decision of an obese woman to have bariatric surgery: the social phenomenology

Deíse Moura de Oliveira, Miriam Aparecida Barbosa Merighi, Maria Cristina Pinto de Jesus
2014 Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP  
Objective To understand the process by which an obese woman decides to have bariatric surgery. Method A qualitative survey with a social phenomenology approach, carried out in 2012, with 12 women, using the phenomenological interview. Results A woman bases the decision to have the surgery on: the inappropriateness of her eating habits; a physical appearance that is incompatible with an appearance that is standardized by society; the social prejudice that she has to live with; the limitations
more » ... the limitations imposed by obesity; and her lack of success with previous attempts to lose weight. Outcomes that she hopes for from the decision to have the surgery include: restoring her health; achieving social inclusion; and entering the labor market. Conclusion This study allows one to reflect that prescriptive actions do not give a satisfactory response to a complexity of the subjective questions involved in the decision to have surgery for obesity. For this, what is called for is a program of work based on an interdisciplinary approach, and training that gives value to the bio-psycho-social aspects involved in a decision in favor of surgical treatment.
doi:10.1590/s0080-623420140000700002 pmid:25626494 fatcat:jey5fxjzxjefho3iov4tylohqu