"Characterization of Cognitive Ability in Patients with Sequelae of Arterial Hypertension"

Sandra Ochoa Durán
2021 Biomedical Journal of Scientific & Technical Research  
A descriptive study was carried out with the objective of psychologically characterizing patients with sequelae of Arterial Hypertension, in the period from September 2018 to August 2019, in the Rehabilitation Room of the Julián Grimau polyclinic, in Santiago de Cuba. The qualitative-quantitative methodology was used, with the following methods: review of the Clinical History, neuropsychological report, psychological tests (Moca, Neuropsi, Mini-Mental State, Bender, and other affective ones).
more » ... so statistical techniques for data processing. Controlled variables were sex, age, occupation, diagnostic impression, and neuropsychological syndrome. The sample consisted of 12 patients out of 27 evaluated in the referred period. It was obtained as a result that Arterial Hypertension and its sequelae: cerebrovascular diseases, cerebral hemorrhages, cerebral infarcts; They cause neuropsychological syndromes, such as mnesic syndrome, aphasias, acalculia, agraphia, from the organic damage they cause in different areas of the brain, which constitute disabling entities in the daily life of the patient. In addition, these syndromes appear in both sexes, predominantly in the ages 50 to 59 years and 60 to 75 years, interfering with the possibility of continuing working life in most of these patients. Seven of the patients were inserted into the Cognitive Stimulation Program. The application of neuropsychological evaluation to the universe of hypertensive patients in the health area is proposed, in order to prevent the appearance of these syndromes, taking into account that Arterial Hypertension progressively affects the cardiovascular system of patients who suffer from it.
doi:10.26717/bjstr.2021.37.006040 fatcat:vngvk2myz5airflctbka3ryukm