Phy02 The New Roles of OT in Detecting Chronic Lung Diseases in Primary Care Settings

GWK Choi, FLY Au
2009 Hong Kong Journal of Occupational Therapy  
To investigate the environmental factors contributing to falls in a group of community-living elderly with and without history of falls over one year. Methods: A convenient sample of 603 participants aged 65 years and above was recruited by the Housing Society Elderly Resources Centre (HSERC), and monthly telephone follow-ups were conducted to monitor their fall rates over 12 months. Home visits were conducted to examine environmental risk factors for participants who reported falls in the home
more » ... d falls in the home environment within 3 days after telephone call. The results were compared with a convenience sample of 30 participants who did not have falls during the study period. Results: Significant differences were found in home environments between fallers and non-fallers, in terms of number of environmental hazards (e.g. clutter, trailing wires, etc.) (p = .024) and household task performance (p = .023) as measured by the SAFER HOME; the number of fall risks in kitchen (e.g. accessibility and heights of fixtures and equipment) (p = .023), and number of hazards in the areas of illumination (p = .05), steps and stair railing (p = .031), and seating (p = .009) as measured by the Westmead Home Safety Assessment. No significant difference was found in demographic and functional parameters as well as falls behaviour between fallers and non-fallers. Conclusion: There were differences in environmental risks between fallers and non-fallers. Environmental modification should be considered in both new and old housing types to reduce risks of falls for the community-living elderly in Hong Kong. Phy02
doi:10.1016/s1569-1861(10)70014-0 fatcat:od4t6vpvara2vhzvi56jjld45q