Autoimmune conditions and chronic infections in chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients at diagnosis are associated with unmutated IgVH genes

K. Vanura, T. Le, H. Esterbauer, F. Spath, E. Porpaczy, M. Shehata, K. Eigenberger, A. Hauswirth, C. Skrabs, E. Kromer, I. Schwarzinger, B. Streubel (+6 others)
2008 Haematologica  
Few data are available concerning the prevalence of autoimmune disease or chronic infections in chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients at diagnosis as well as their clinical outcome. We studied the frequency of such chronic conditions in relation to prognostic markers. A history of autoimmune disease or chronic infection was found in 21% of 186 chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients (12% in autoimmune diseases, 9% in chronic infections). Patients with a history of chronic stimulation were more
more » ... lation were more likely to have unmutated IgVH genes (p<0.002), unfavorable or intermediate risk cytogenetics (11q, 17p deletions, trisomy 12) (p<0.001), and higher CD38 expression (p=0.004). Autoimmune conditions (n=22) were characterized by female predominance (55.0%) with a high frequency of unmutated IgVH (53,8%). Median time to first treatment was 83 months for the chronic stimulation group compared to 128 months for the nonchronic stimulation group (n.s.). Patients suffering from chronic conditions at chronic lymphocytic leukemia diagnosis are likely to have poor prognostic markers, particularly unmutated IgVH genes. The online version of this article contains a supplementary appendix. © F e r r a t a S t o r t i F o u n d a t i o n © F e r r a t a S t o r t i F o u n d a t i o n
doi:10.3324/haematol.12955 pmid:18838479 fatcat:ks4oxm4gdvcxpjcvs4rjwef6mq