Cyclin-dependent kinase-5 prevents neuronal apoptosis through ERK-mediated upregulation of Bcl-2

C X Wang, J H Song, D K Song, V W Yong, A Shuaib, C Hao
2005 Cell Death and Differentiation  
Cyclin-dependent kinase-5 (Cdk5) is required for neuronal survival, but its targets in the apoptotic pathways remain unknown. Here, we show that Cdk5 kinase activity prevents neuronal apoptosis through the upregulation of Bcl-2. Treatment of SH-SY5Y cells with retinoid acid (RA) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) generates differentiated neuron-like cells. DNA damage triggers apoptosis in the undifferentiated cells through mitochondrial pathway; however, RA/BDNF treatment results in
more » ... l-2 upregulation and inhibition of the mitochondrial pathway in the differentiated cells. RA/BDNF treatment activates Cdk5-mediated PI3K/Akt and ERK pathways. Inhibition of Cdk5 inhibits PI3K/ Akt and ERK phosphorylation and Bcl-2 expression, and thus sensitizes the differentiated cells to DNA-damage. Inhibition of ERK, but not PI3K/Akt, abrogates Cdk5-medidated Bcl-2 upregulation and the protection of the differentiated cells. This study suggests that ERK-mediated Bcl-2 upregulation contributes to BDNF-induced Cdk5-mediated neuronal survival.
doi:10.1038/sj.cdd.4401804 pmid:16273078 fatcat:yzdfhppaivdivltxxmk7l63liy