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This study simulates the flow through an impulse-type small-scale hydraulic turbine utilizing a waterfall of extra-low head. The twodimensional Moving Particle Semi-implicit (MPS) method is employed for the simulation. The fluid is discretized by particles, and the flow is computed by the Lagrangian calculation for the particle motion. When the distance between the particles discretizing the waterfall of a width B, 0 , is set at 0 / ≤ 0.084, the flow can be simulated with the sufficiently highdoi:10.1155/2013/473842 fatcat:vhpnvtwx55eppe2nrq6su5whee