Folding-Based Electrochemical Aptasensor for the Determination of β-Lactoglobulin on Poly-L-Lysine Modified Graphite Electrodes

Olaya Amor-Gutiérrez, Giulia Selvolini, M. Teresa Fernández-Abedul, Alfredo de la Escosura-Muñiz, Giovanna Marrazza
2020 Sensors  
Nowadays, food allergy is a very important health issue, causing adverse reactions of the immune system when exposed to different allergens present in food. Because of this, the development of point-of-use devices using miniaturized, user-friendly, and low-cost instrumentation has become of outstanding importance. According to this, electrochemical aptasensors have been demonstrated as useful tools to quantify a broad variety of targets. In this work, we develop a simple methodology for the
more » ... rmination of β-lactoglobulin (β-LG) in food samples using a folding-based electrochemical aptasensor built on poly-L-lysine modified graphite screen-printed electrodes (GSPEs) and an anti-β-lactoglobulin aptamer tagged with methylene blue (MB). This aptamer changes its conformation when the sample contains β-LG, and due to this, the spacing between MB and the electrode surface (and therefore the electron transfer efficiency) also changes. The response of this biosensor was linear for concentrations of β-LG within the range 0.1–10 ng·mL−1, with a limit of detection of 0.09 ng·mL−1. The biosensor was satisfactorily employed for the determination of spiked β-LG in real food samples.
doi:10.3390/s20082349 pmid:32326088 fatcat:zkivlimsprcbrosnffc26tqwua