La « vision des inclus »

Godefroy Lansade
2017 VST - Vie sociale et traitements  
Based on a 3-year long ethnographic investigation as well as an extensive teaching career, this study attempts to both give an account and question the schooling of "mentally disabled" teenagers and young adults aged 16 to 20 in vocational secondary schools. From their own perspectives -and having adopted a low -standard approach, I strived to understand the way they experience their inclusion in the ULIS scheme (Localized Units for Inclusion). With particular attention to the configuration of
more » ... heir inclusive education, i could account for and put into question the socio-educational impacts of a public policy for inclusive education "in the making" of which they are the center. From the corpus and my analysis of the connection these teenagers and young adults have with the educational system whether they fit in or oppose it, their projects, their choices and the way they interact with others and see themselves, I demonstrate that they wonder about their high school life and question what is generally said about them and how they are perceived. This research shows that these students do have a clear vision of their experience and understand the paradoxes at the core of the ULIS scheme. I also focus on the objective social and institutional constraints weighing heavily on their school trajectories. A better understanding doesn't necessarily imply a better action. Still, it is essential to listen to these socially invisible youngsters so as to empower them as people able to express their difficulties and make their own choices.
doi:10.3917/vst.135.0016 fatcat:q6a77qh2pbelnhhvcbtiq4wzty