Energy Conversion Strategies for Wind Energy System: Electrical, Mechanical and Material Aspects

Anudipta Chaudhuri, Rajkanya Datta, Muthuselvan Praveen Kumar, João Paulo Davim, Sumit Pramanik
2022 Materials  
Currently, about 22% of global electricity is being supplemented by different renewable sources. Wind energy is one of the most abundant forms of renewable energy available in the atmospheric environment due to different air-currents spread over the troposphere and stratosphere. The demand of modern wind energy conversion system (WECS) has increased to achieve a suitable alternate renewable energy source. In this paper, after a brief introduction, the classification of WECS is reviewed with
more » ... active illustrations. The various mechanical materials and electrical components of WECS are discussed. The flow of power in WECS and its control strategies are also been described. The wind energy conversion is carried out with a suitable controlling mechanism for power grid integration. A maximum power-point tracking controller is an effective controlling method to extract the maximum possible power from the turbines. The present trends in WECS and the scope for improvement and future prospects are discussed. The materials used for both the blade and generator have been found to be key elements of wind turbines. Recycling of the polymer matrix composite materials are found to be a great threat to wind power plants, as well as to their supply chain industries.
doi:10.3390/ma15031232 pmid:35161176 pmcid:PMC8840529 fatcat:a643gaksevd4rcp57lp7lwmvmy