Effect of All-Trans Retinoic Acid (ATRA) against expression of Matrix Metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) in model mice (Rattus norvegicus) periodontitis (IN PRESS)
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry
Periodontitis is a condition of inflammation of the tooth supporting tissues generally caused by bacteria Phorphyromonas gingivalis (Pg.) and is usually characterized by the occurrence of the alveolar bone resorption. Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) is an enzyme that plays an important role in inflammatory conditions. All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) is a metabolite of vitamin A which plays a role in healing the inflamed tissue and maintain the immune system. The purpose of this study was to
... termine the effect of ATRA on the expression of MMP-2 in mouse models Rattus norvegicus of periodontitis. Methods: Experimental laboratory by using post test only with control group design. This study used 25 male Wistar mice (Rattus norvegicus) that divided into 5 groups. Group 1 (G1) is a group of healthy mice, group 2 (G2) is a group of sick mice as induced periodontitis without treatment, group 3 (G3) is a group of periodontitis mice treated with 5 mg/kg dose of ATRA, group 4 (G4) is a group of periodontitis mice treated with 10 mg/kg dose of ATRA, group 5 (G5) is a group of periodontitis mice treated with 20 mg/kg dose of ATRA. Periodontitis induction was induced by Pg. bacteria every 3 days for 28 days and followed by administration of ATRA for 7 days. Expression of MMP-2 from gingival tissues and periodontal ligament was obtained by immunohistochemical methods. Results were analyzed using the Shapiro-Wilk Test and Mann-Whitney Test. Results: The results showed there were significant differences in the positive area of MMP-2 and MMP-2 color intensity (p < 0.05) between groups. Conclusion: ATRA dose of 20 mg/kg is the most effective dose in inhibiting the expression of MMP-2 in mice models of periodontitis when compared with the dose on other groups.