Automatic Segmentation of Coronary Lumen and External Elastic Membrane in Intravascular Ultrasound Images Using 8-layer U-Net [post]

Liang Dong, Wenbing Jiang, Wei Lu, Jun Jiang, Ya Zhao, Xiangfen Song, Xiaochang Leng, Hang Zhao, Jian'an Wang, Changling Li, Jianping Xiang
2021 unpublished
Background: Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is the golden standard in accessing the coronary lesions, stenosis, and atherosclerosis plaques. In this paper, a fully-automatic approach by an 8-layer U-Net is developed to segment the coronary artery lumen and the area bounded by external elastic membrane (EEM), i.e. cross section area (EEM-CSA). The database comprises of single-vendor and single-frequency IVUS data. Particularly, the proposed data augmentation of MeshGrid combined with flip and
more » ... ed with flip and rotation operations is implemented, improving the model performance without pre- or post-processing of the raw IVUS images.Results: The mean intersection of union (MIoU) of 0.937 and 0.804 for the lumen and EEM-CSA respectively were achieved, which exceeded the manual labeling accuracy of the clinician. Conclusion: The accuracy shown by the proposed method is sufficient for subsequent reconstruction of 3D IVUS images, which is essential for doctors' diagnosis in the tissue characterization of coronary artery walls and plaque compositions, qualitatively and quantitatively.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:yr3y6mb6trcubolo4qb7ttlwdm