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Background: Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is the golden standard in accessing the coronary lesions, stenosis, and atherosclerosis plaques. In this paper, a fully-automatic approach by an 8-layer U-Net is developed to segment the coronary artery lumen and the area bounded by external elastic membrane (EEM), i.e. cross section area (EEM-CSA). The database comprises of single-vendor and single-frequency IVUS data. Particularly, the proposed data augmentation of MeshGrid combined with flip anddoi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-42239/v5 fatcat:yr3y6mb6trcubolo4qb7ttlwdm