Validity and reliability of a simplified food frequency questionnaire: a cross sectional study among physical health examination adults in southwest region of China

Zhengyan Cheng, Ping Shuai, Qichuan Qiao, Tingxin Li
2020 Nutrition Journal  
Background In China, many people are regarded suitable for participating in regular physical examination for diagnosis and prevention of diseases. Some simplified food frequency questionnaires have been designed and used; however, the accuracy of the questionnaire is absent. This study aimed to examine the reliability and validity of simplified food frequency questionnaire (SFFQ) used among adults undergoing physical examination in southwest region of China. Methods This was a cross-sectional
more » ... a cross-sectional study conducted among physical health examination adults in the Southwest region of China. A total of 239 participants aged 20–65 were included from February 2019 to June 2019. The performance of SFFQ was evaluated by means of a three-day 24-h dietary record (3R24). The relative validity and agreement was assessed by Pearson's correlation and intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC), respectively. Results The median energy-adjusted ICC of food groups between SFFQ2 and SFFQ1 was 0.59 (range: 0.49–0.73) and the ICC of nutrients was 0.47(range: 0.39–0.76). The Pearson correlation showed a valid comparisons between SFFQ1 and 3R24, ranging from -0.086 to 0.93 for food and 0.21 to 0.71 for nutrition, respectively. The energy-adjustment slightly increased the correlation coefficients. Conclusions The reliability and validity of SFFQ was acceptable, and it could be an appropriate dietary assessment tool for the future epidemiological studies conducted among physical health examination adults of southwest China. Trial registration CHiCTR, ChiCTR1900020934, Registered 22 January 2019, https://www.chictr.org.cn/edit.aspx?pid=35414&htm=4.
doi:10.1186/s12937-020-00630-z pmid:33023588 fatcat:abeda3sorvehllpyk7zw4hqrrq