Wireless Sensor Network Synchronization for Precision Agriculture Applications

Alexandros Zervopoulos, Athanasios Tsipis, Aikaterini Georgia Alvanou, Konstantinos Bezas, Asterios Papamichail, Spiridon Vergis, Andreana Stylidou, Georgios Tsoumanis, Vasileios Komianos, George Koufoudakis, Konstantinos Oikonomou
2020 Agriculture  
The advent of Internet of Things has propelled the agricultural domain through the integration of sensory devices, capable of monitoring and wirelessly propagating information to producers; thus, they employ Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). These WSNs allow real time monitoring, enabling intelligent decision-making to maximize yields and minimize cost. Designing and deploying a WSN is a challenging and multivariate task, dependent on the considered environment. For example, a need for network
more » ... need for network synchronization arises in such networks to correlate acquired measurements. This work focuses on the design and installation of a WSN that is capable of facilitating the sensing aspects of smart and precision agriculture applications. A system is designed and implemented to address specific design requirements that are brought about by the considered environment. A simple synchronization scheme is described to provide time-correlated measurements using the sink node's clock as reference. The proposed system was installed on an olive grove to assess its effectiveness in providing a low-cost system, capable of acquiring synchronized measurements. The obtained results indicate the system's overall effectiveness, revealing a small but expected difference in the acquired measurements' time correlation, caused mostly by serial transmission delays, while yielding a plethora of relevant environmental conditions.
doi:10.3390/agriculture10030089 fatcat:yc36xsrkondpddj4logqo2grci