Refined Multiscale Entropy Predicts Early Failure in Electrical Cardioversion of Atrial Fibrillation

Eva Cirugeda, Sofía Calero, Víctor M Hidalgo, José Enero, José J Rieta, Raul Alcaraz
2020 2020 Computing in Cardiology Conference (CinC)   unpublished
Electrical cardioversion (ECV) is a well-established strategy for atrial fibrillation (AF) management. Despite its high initial effectiveness, a high relapsing rate is also found. Hence, identification of patients at high risk of early AF recurrence is crucial for a rationale therapeutic strategy. For that purpose, a set of indices characterizing fibrillatory (f -) waves have been proposed, but they have not considered nonlinear dynamics present at different timescales within the cardiovascular
more » ... system. This work thus explores whether a multiscale entropy (MSE) analysis of the f -waves can improve preoperative predictions of ECV outcome. Thus, two MSE approaches were considered, i.e., traditional MSE and a refined version (RMSE). Both algorithms were applied to the main f -waves component extracted from lead V1 and entropy values were computed for the first 20 time-scales. As a reference, dominant frequency (DF) and f -wave amplitude (FWA) were also computed. A total of 70 patients were analyzed, and all parameters but FWA showed statistically significant differences between those relapsing to AF and maintaining sinus rhythm during a follow-up of 4 weeks. RMSE reported the best results for the scale 19, improving predictive ability up to an 8% with respect to DAF and FWA. Consequently, investigation of nonlinear dynamics at large time-scales can provide useful insights able to improve predictions of ECV failure.
doi:10.22489/cinc.2020.369 fatcat:qbrgbuzh3ffujen4z7ydfpugee