Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors Ameliorate Morphological Defects and Hypoexcitability of iPSC-Neurons from Rubinstein-Taybi Patients

Valentina Alari, Paolo Scalmani, Paola Francesca Ajmone, Sara Perego, Sabrina Avignone, Ilaria Catusi, Paola Adele Lonati, Maria Orietta Borghi, Palma Finelli, Benedetta Terragni, Massimo Mantegazza, Silvia Russo (+1 others)
2021 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RSTS) is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder caused by mutations in CREBBP or EP300 genes encoding CBP/p300 lysine acetyltransferases. We investigated the efficacy of the histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) Trichostatin A (TSA) in ameliorating morphological abnormalities of iPSC-derived young neurons from P149 and P34 CREBBP-mutated patients and hypoexcitability of mature neurons from P149. Neural progenitors from both patients' iPSC lines were cultured one week with
more » ... tured one week with TSA 20 nM and, only P149, for 6 weeks with TSA 0.2 nM, in parallel to neural progenitors from controls. Immunofluorescence of MAP2/TUJ1 positive cells using the Skeletonize Image J plugin evidenced that TSA partially rescued reduced nuclear area, and decreased branch length and abnormal end points number of both 45 days patients' neurons, but did not influence the diminished percentage of their neurons with respect to controls. Patch clamp recordings of TSA-treated post-mitotic P149 neurons showed complete/partial rescue of sodium/potassium currents and significant enhancement of neuron excitability compared to untreated replicas. Correction of abnormalities of P149 young neurons was also affected by valproic acid 1 mM for 72 h, with some variation, with respect to TSA, on the morphological parameter. These findings hold promise for development of an epigenetic therapy to attenuate RSTS patients cognitive impairment.
doi:10.3390/ijms22115777 pmid:34071322 fatcat:bwxhusybf5cbnmfh5mshhgqx2i