Determinants of cerebral palsy among under-5 children

Md Shaheen Bin Abdul Hai, Rathindro Nath Sarker, Afroza Akter, Pijous Biswas, Gocul Chand Kundu, Md Tarique Mehedi
2016 Bangladesh Medical Journal  
<p>Cerebral palsy (CP) is one of the leading causes of childhood disability worldwide, with the greatest burden found in the developing countries of the world. _is hospital based case-control study was conducted from January 2010 to June 2010 to _nd out the determinants of cerebral palsy among under-5 children. _e study was conducted among 76 diagnosed cerebral palsy cases with 76 children considered as control group from the same institute. Study suggested that, children with male sex were
more » ... h male sex were four times more likely to have cerebral palsy than the female child. _ere were more than 2.5 times more chance of developing cerebral palsy among the parents who had consanguineous marriage. In case of home delivery there were 2.25 times more chance of developing cerebral palsy than those had the hospital delivery. Among the mothers of the cases who were su_ering from problem during delivery, 47.5% had prolong labour during delivery, 25.0% had premature rupture of membrane and 20.0% had breech presentation._ere were 33 times more risk of developing cerebral palsy among the premature baby than the term birth. _ere were 12.5 times more chance of developing cerebral palsy among the low birth weight child than the of normal weight child. _is study concluded that, greater knowledge and understanding on cerebral palsy is required to enhance decision-making processes about the a_ected children.</p><p>Bangladesh Med J. 2015 Jan; 44 (1): 3-7</p>
doi:10.3329/bmj.v44i1.26336 fatcat:rs7dawqognb5jgn6l66pb7xqbq