Lorentz-violating vs. ghost gravitons: the example of Weyl gravity

Nathalie Deruelle, Misao Sasaki, Yuuiti Sendouda, Ahmed Youssef
2012 Journal of High Energy Physics  
We show that the ghost degrees of freedom of Einstein gravity with a Weyl term can be eliminated by a simple mechanism that invokes local Lorentz symmetry breaking. We demonstrate how the mechanism works in a cosmological setting. The presence of the Weyl term forces a redefinition of the quantum vacuum state of the tensor perturbations. As a consequence the amplitude of their spectrum blows up when the Lorentz-violating scale becomes comparable to the Hubble radius. Such a behaviour is in
more » ... ehaviour is in sharp contrast to what happens in standard Weyl gravity where the gravitational ghosts smoothly damp out the spectrum of primordial gravitational waves.
doi:10.1007/jhep09(2012)009 fatcat:fqdei5clubhb7m2yvxorm3njv4