Ferroelectric and Dielectric Properties of Strontium Titanate Doped with Barium

Ahmed Maher Henaish, Maha Mostafa, Ilya Weinstein, Osama Hemeda, Basant Salem
2021 Magnetism  
Ferroelectric samples Sr1−xBaxTiO3 (BST), where x = 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8 and 1, were prepared using the tartrate precursor method and annealed at 1200 °C for 2 h. X-ray diffraction, "XRD", pattern analysis verified the structure phase. The crystallite size of the SrTiO3 phase was calculated to be 83.6 nm, and for the TiO2 phase it was 72.25 nm. The TEM images showed that the crystallites were agglomerated, due to their nanosize nature. The AC resistivity was measured as temperature dependence
more » ... ith different frequencies 1 kHz and 10 kHz. The resistivity was decreased by raising the frequency. The dielectric properties were measured as the temperature dependence at two frequencies, 1 kHz and 10 kHz. The maximum amount of dielectric constant corresponded to the Curie temperature and the transformation from ferroelectric to paraelectric at 1 kHz was sharp at 10 kHz. Polarization–electric field hysteresis loops for BST samples were measured using a Sawer–Tawer modified circuit. It was shown that the polarization decreased with increasing temperature for all samples.
doi:10.3390/magnetism1010003 fatcat:x4jdbuz42jhrniihgzzmemwsri