Association Between Blood Pressure and C-Reactive Protein Levels in Acute Ischemic Stroke

M. Di Napoli, F. Papa
2003 Hypertension  
Among patients with acute stroke, high blood pressure (BP) and higher levels of circulating C-reactive protein (CRP) at the entry are often associated with poor outcome, although the reason is unclear. If the link between BP and stroke outcome is indeed mediated by inflammatory response, one would expect to see positive associations between BP and CRP. In a prospective observational stroke data bank involving 535 first-ever ischemic stroke patients, we studied the association between BP and
more » ... between BP and baseline concentrations of CRP within 24 hours after stroke onset. The association between BP components and the odds of having an elevated CRP level (Ն1.5 mg/dL) was assessed by logistic regression analysis. An increase in systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), or pulse pressure (PP) was significantly associated with an increase in the odds of having an elevated CRP level, independent of other associated study factors. For each 10 mm Hg increase in SBP, DBP, MAP, or PP, the odds of having a high CRP level increased by 72% (PϽ0.0001), 10% (PϽ0.0001), 21% (PϽ0.0001), and 10% (PϽ0.0001), respectively. When the same model was rerun, adjusting for all considered BP components, only SBP significantly increased the odds of an elevated CRP level by 77% (PϽ0.0001). Increased SBP was significantly associated with elevated levels of circulating CRP in ischemic stroke patients. These findings support a possible role of acute hypertension after stroke as an inflammatory stimulus contributing to ischemic brain inflammation. (Hypertension. 2003;42:1117-1123.)
doi:10.1161/01.hyp.0000100669.00771.6e pmid:14597640 fatcat:4xp4begvpfd6jg26ugzt4orpri