Morphological, molecular characterization, plant pathogenicity and biocontrol of Cladosporium complex groups associated with faba beans

Eman Gamal Abd Elnaser Mohamed El-Dawy, Youssuf Ahmed Gherbawy, Mohamed Ahmed Hussein
2021 Scientific Reports  
AbstractVicia faba (faba bean) is one of the most significant leguminous crops. The faba bean is specialized by maximum nutritional value, in energy and protein content, which leads it to be suitable for food and feed production. Diseases caused with fungi are amongst the biotic factors responsible for decreasing in faba bean yields. In this work, Cladosporium isolates were recorded in cultivated faba bean leaves and pods collected from markets in Qena, Upper Egypt; morphological features and
more » ... lecular characterization based on actin gene were performed. The ability of the pathogens to cause disease in faba bean seedlings and the biocontrol method to avoid the pathogenic effect of Cladosporium were determined. Results showed that Cladosporium is the main genera isolated from faba beans, and the morphological criteria showed presence of three species complex groups of Cladosporium (C. cladosporioides, C. herbarum and C. sphaerospermum) and the confirmation with molecular characterization revealed the existence of four species in the three groups. All the 26 tested strains of Cladosporium were able to cause leaf lesions on Vicia faba seedlings with different levels. Chaetomium globosum is a biocontrol agent could inhibit the growth of the majority strains of Cladosporium.
doi:10.1038/s41598-021-93123-w pmid:34244553 fatcat:cnfmadrcxnf7lapfe2f7fxlvfi