Brain anatomical feature detection by solving partial differential equations on general manifolds

Paul Thompson, Tony Chan, Yalin Wang, Lok Lui
2007 Discrete and continuous dynamical systems. Series B  
One important problem in human brain mapping research is to locate the important anatomical features. Anatomical features on the cortical surface are usually represented by landmark curves, called sulci/gyri curves. These landmark curves are important information for neuroscientists to study brain disease and to match different cortical surfaces. Manual labelling of these landmark curves is time-consuming, especially when large sets of data have to be analyzed. In this paper, we present
more » ... ms to automatically detect and match landmark curves on cortical surfaces to get an optimized brain conformal parametrization. First, we propose an algorithm to obtain a hypothesized landmark region/curves using the Chan-Vese segmentation method, which solves a Partial Differential Equation (PDE) on a manifold with global conformal parameterization. This is done by segmentating the high mean curvature region. Second, we propose an automatic landmark curve tracing method based on the principal directions of the local Weingarten matrix. Based on the global conformal parametrization of a cortical surface, our method adjusts the landmark curves iteratively on the spherical or rectangular parameter domain of the cortical surface along its principal direction field, using umbilic points of the surface as anchors. The landmark curves can then be mapped back onto the cortical surface. Experimental results show that the landmark curves detected by our algorithm closely resemble these manually labeled curves. Next, we applied these automatically labeled landmark curves to generate an optimized conformal parametrization of the cortical surface, in the sense that homologous features across subjects are caused to lie at the same parameter locations in a conformal grid. Experimental results show that our method can effectively help in automatically matching cortical surfaces across subjects. 1. Introduction. Finding feature points or curves in medical images is an important problem in medical imaging. For example, anatomical features on the cortical surface can be represented by landmark curves, called sulci/gyri curves. These sulci/gyri curves are important information for neuroscientists to study brain disease and to match different cortical surfaces. It is time-consuming to label these landmark curves manually, especially when there are large sets of data. Therefore, an automatic or semi-automatic way to detect these feature curves is necessary.
doi:10.3934/dcdsb.2007.7.605 fatcat:klir2aeevncf5njvns6paj3gq4