DisCountNet: Discriminating and Counting Network for Real-Time Counting and Localization of Sparse Objects in High-Resolution UAV Imagery

Maryam Rahnemoonfar, Dugan Dobbs, Masoud Yari, and Michael J. Starek
<span title="2019-05-11">2019</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/kay2tsbijbawliu45dnhvyvgsq" style="color: black;">Remote Sensing</a> </i> &nbsp;
Recent deep-learning counting techniques revolve around two distinct features of data—sparse data, which favors detection networks, or dense data where density map networks are used. Both techniques fail to address a third scenario, where dense objects are sparsely located. Raw aerial images represent sparse distributions of data in most situations. To address this issue, we propose a novel and exceedingly portable end-to-end model, DisCountNet, and an example dataset to test it on. DisCountNet
more &raquo; ... is a two-stage network that uses theories from both detection and heat-map networks to provide a simple yet powerful design. The first stage, DiscNet, operates on the theory of coarse detection, but does so by converting a rich and high-resolution image into a sparse representation where only important information is encoded. Following this, CountNet operates on the dense regions of the sparse matrix to generate a density map, which provides fine locations and count predictions on densities of objects. Comparing the proposed network to current state-of-the-art networks, we find that we can maintain competitive performance while using a fraction of the computational complexity, resulting in a real-time solution.
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