A Profile Of Patients Admitted With Burn Injuries In Selected Tertiary Hospitals In Kano, Nigeria: A Five Year Retrospective Study (2007 – 2011)

Farida Garba Sumaila, Jibrin Mohammed, Godfrey Oshomome Asekhame
2017 Zenodo  
The study was a five year (2007 – 2011) retrospective study on the profile of patients admitted with burn injuries in selected Hospitals in Kano. The case note of admitted burn patients were reviewed in the Hospital's record department. The following data were extracted from the case notes using a Proforma: Age, gender, cause of burns, percentage of burns, body area affected, Complication of burns, referral to physiotherapy. The data collected was summarized using descriptive statistics of
more » ... statistics of frequency tables and analyzed using inferential statistics of Spearman's Rank Order correlation to find the relationship between age and total body surface area, using statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). A total of One hundred and fourteen (114) patients with burn injury were identified, Children less than ten years were the age group most commonly involve in burn injury according to this study. It was observed in this study that gender is an important epidemiological determinant for burn injuries with male preponderance. The cases of flame burns accounted for highest number of the burn cases reviewed (44.7%) followed by scald burn, electrical and chemical burns in that order. Over 90% of the burn injury cases affected less than 50% total body surface area (TBSA), In addition the age of the patients with burn injuries had significant positive correlation with the total body surface area (r=0.504, p=0.001). The common body areas affected was head, neck and upper limb followed by chest, abdomen and lower limbs. The least commonly affected body areas was upper back, lower back and perineum. Twenty patients (20) developed complications out of the 114 patients reviewed; the commonest complication was contracture, ulceration, and septicemia occurring in that order. Most of these contractures set in before the patients were referred for physiotherapy management. However, a large proportion of the patients were referred to physiotherapy
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1308634 fatcat:hr3peb3feregzas7ai4in2g3e4