QRS Duration and QT Interval Predict Mortality in Hypertensive Patients With Left Ventricular Hypertrophy: The Losartan Intervention for Endpoint Reduction in Hypertension Study

L. Oikarinen, M. S. Nieminen, M. Viitasalo, L. Toivonen, S. Jern, B. Dahlof, R. B. Devereux, P. M. Okin
2004 Hypertension  
Left ventricular hypertrophy is a risk factor for cardiovascular mortality, including sudden cardiac death. Experimentally, left ventricular hypertrophy delays ventricular conduction and prolongs action potential duration. Electrocardiographic QRS duration and QT interval measures reflect these changes, but whether these measures can further stratify risk in patients with electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy is unknown. We measured the QRS duration and QT intervals from the
more » ... ls from the baseline 12-lead electrocardiograms in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint Reduction in Hypertension (LIFE) study, which included hypertensive patients with electrocardiographic evidence of left ventricular hypertrophy randomized to either losartan-based or atenolol-based treatment to lower blood pressure. In the present study, we related study baseline electrocardiographic measures to cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. There were 5429 patients (male 45.8%; mean age 66Ϯ7 years) included in the present analyses. After a mean follow-up of 4.9Ϯ0.8 years, there were 417 deaths from all causes, including 214 cardiovascular deaths. In separate univariate Cox regression analyses, QRS duration and several QT measures were significant predictors of cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality. However, in multivariate Cox analyses including all electrocardiographic measures and adjusting for other risk factors as well as treatment strategy, only QRS duration and maximum rate-adjusted QT apex interval remained as significant independent predictors of cardiovascular (Pϭ0.022 and Pϭ0.037, respectively) and all-cause mortality (Pϭ0.038 and Pϭ0.002, respectively). In conclusion, in a hypertensive risk population identified by electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy, increased QRS duration and maximum QT apex interval can further stratify mortality risk even in the setting of effective blood pressure-lowering treatment. (Hypertension. 2004;43:1029-1034.)
doi:10.1161/01.hyp.0000125230.46080.c6 pmid:15037560 fatcat:lctly2xjlbfh3iyueshzj56qji