UWB and WiFi Systems as Passive Opportunistic Activity Sensing Radars

Mohammud J. Bocus, Kevin Chetty, Robert J. Piechocki
2021 2021 IEEE Radar Conference (RadarConf21)  
Human Activity Recognition (HAR) is becoming increasingly important in smart homes and healthcare applications such as assisted-living and remote health monitoring. In this paper, we use Ultra-Wideband (UWB) and commodity WiFi systems for the passive sensing of human activities. These systems are based on a receiver-only radar network that detects reflections of ambient Radio-Frequency (RF) signals from humans in the form of Channel Impulse Response (CIR) and Channel State Information (CSI). An
more » ... experiment was performed whereby the transmitter and receiver were separated by a fixed distance in a Line-of-Sight (LoS) setting. Five activities were performed in between them, namely, sitting, standing, lying down, standing from the floor and walking. We use the high-resolution CIRs provided by the UWB modules as features in machine and deep learning algorithms for classifying the activities. Experimental results show that a classification performance with an F1-score as high as 95.53% is achieved using processed UWB CIR data as features. Furthermore, we analysed the classification performance in the same physical layout using CSI data extracted from a dedicated WiFi Network Interface Card (NIC). In this case, maximum F1-scores of 92.24% and 80.89% are obtained when amplitude CSI data and spectrograms are used as features, respectively.
doi:10.1109/radarconf2147009.2021.9455175 fatcat:qxs4kiznkrag3mocsr2eq6ylde