Finite Element Method for the Evaluation of the Human Spine: A Literature Overview

Symeon Naoum, Angelo V. Vasiliadis, Christos Koutserimpas, Nikolaos Mylonakis, Michail Kotsapas, Konstantinos Katakalos
2021 Journal of Functional Biomaterials  
The finite element method (FEM) represents a computer simulation method, originally used in civil engineering, which dates back to the early 1940s. Applications of FEM have also been used in numerous medical areas and in orthopedic surgery. Computing technology has improved over the years and as a result, more complex problems, such as those involving the spine, can be analyzed. The spine is a complex anatomical structure that maintains the erect posture and supports considerable loads.
more » ... ions of FEM in the spine have contributed to the understanding of bone biomechanics, both in healthy and abnormal conditions, such as scoliosis, fractures (trauma), degenerative disc disease and osteoporosis. However, since FEM is only a digital simulation of the real condition, it will never exactly simulate in vivo results. In particular, when it concerns biomechanics, there are many features that are difficult to represent in a FEM. More FEM studies and spine research are required in order to examine interpersonal spine stiffness, young spine biomechanics and model accuracy. In the future, patient-specific models will be used for better patient evaluations as well as for better pre- and inter-operative planning.
doi:10.3390/jfb12030043 fatcat:y2dqg3cy5zcnvdzqpazzlwem7y