Privacy-Preserved Task Offloading in Mobile Blockchain with Deep Reinforcement Learning [article]

Dinh C. Nguyen, Pubudu N. Pathirana, Ming Ding, Aruna Seneviratne
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Blockchain technology with its secure, transparent and decentralized nature has been recently employed in many mobile applications. However, the mining process in mobile blockchain requires high computational and storage capability of mobile devices, which would hinder blockchain applications in mobile systems. To meet this challenge, we propose a mobile edge computing (MEC) based blockchain network where multi-mobile users (MUs) act as miners to offload their mining tasks to a nearby MEC
more » ... via wireless channels. Specially, we formulate task offloading and user privacy preservation as a joint optimization problem which is modelled as a Markov decision process, where our objective is to minimize the long-term system offloading costs and maximize the privacy levels for all blockchain users. We first propose a reinforcement learning (RL)-based offloading scheme which enables MUs to make optimal offloading decisions based on blockchain transaction states and wireless channel qualities between MUs and MEC server. To further improve the offloading performances for larger-scale blockchain scenarios, we then develop a deep RL algorithm by using deep Q-network which can efficiently solve large state space without any prior knowledge of the system dynamics. Simulation results show that the proposed RL-based offloading schemes significantly enhance user privacy, and reduce the energy consumption as well as computation latency with minimum offloading costs in comparison with the benchmark offloading schemes.
arXiv:1908.07467v1 fatcat:gwp3l7idqrflfpyrly22ukaita