Two PDZ Domain Proteins Encoded by the Murine Periaxin Gene Are the Result of Alternative Intron Retention and Are Differentially Targeted in Schwann Cells

Lee Dytrych, Diane L. Sherman, C. Stewart Gillespie, Peter J. Brophy
1998 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
Periaxin was first described as a 147-kDa protein that was suggested to have a potential role in the initiation of myelin deposition in peripheral nerves based upon its abundance, cell type specificity, pattern of developmental expression, and localization (Gillespie, C. S., Sherman, D. L., Blair, G. E., and Brophy. P. J. (1994) Neuron 12, 497-508). Here we show that the murine periaxin gene spans 20.6 kilobases and encodes two mRNAs of 4.6 and 5.2 kilobases that encode two periaxin isoforms,
more » ... eriaxin isoforms, L-periaxin and S-periaxin of 147 and 16 kDa respectively. The larger mRNA is produced by a retained intron mechanism that introduces a stop codon and results in a truncated protein with an intron-encoded C terminus of 21 amino acids. Both proteins possess a PDZ domain at the N terminus; nevertheless, they are targeted differently in Schwann cells. Like other proteins that contain PDZ domains, L-periaxin is localized to the plasma membrane of myelinating Schwann cells: in contrast, S-periaxin is expressed diffusely in the cytoplasm. This suggests that proteins that contain this proteinbinding module may also participate in protein-protein interactions at sites other than the cell cortex.
doi:10.1074/jbc.273.10.5794 pmid:9488714 fatcat:ulm7itlx2nffdhum4cr2hhetz4