Structure-function studies of bacteriorhodopsin XV. Effects of deletions in loops B-C and E-F on bacteriorhodopsin chromophore and structure

M A Gilles-Gonzalez, D M Engelman, H G Khorana
1991 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
Bacteriorhodopsin mutants containing deletions in loop B-C, delta Thr67-Glu74 or delta Gly65-Gln75 or a deletion in the loop E-F, delta Glu161-Ala168, were prepared. Following their expression in Escherichia coli, the mutant proteins were purified to homogeneity and refolded with retinal in detergent-phospholipid mixtures. The mutants containing deletions in the loop B-C were normal at 4 degrees C but showed the following changes at 20 degrees C. 1) The lambda max shifted from 540 to below 510
more » ... m 540 to below 510 nm; 2) the rates of bleaching by hydroxylamine in the dark increased; and 3) the rate and steady state of proton pumping decreased. Deletion of the eight amino acids in loop E-F did not affect wild-type behavior. However, all the mutant proteins were more prone to thermal and sodium dodecyl sulfate denaturation than the wild-type bacteriorhodopsin. These observations show that the structures of the B-C and E-F loops are not essential for correct folding of bacteriorhodopsin, but they contribute to the stability of the folded protein.
pmid:2022666 fatcat:2f7edra7sfdedfd7asbqhve6yi