Design of a scalable nanophotonic interconnect for future multicores

Avinash Kodi, Randy Morris
2009 Proceedings of the 5th ACM/IEEE Symposium on Architectures for Networking and Communications Systems - ANCS '09  
As communication-centric computing paradigm gathers momentum due to increased wire delays and excess power dissipation with technology scaling, researchers have focused their attention on developing alternate technology solutions for Network-on-Chips (NoCs) architectures. One potential solution is nanophotonics because of higher bandwidth, reduced power dissipation and increased wiring simplification. In this paper, we propose PROPEL, a balanced power and area-efficient on-chip photonic
more » ... nect for future multicores. PROPEL overcomes two fundamental issues facing NoCs architectures, namely power dissipation and area overhead, by a combination of multiplexing techniques (wavelength and space) and by exploiting the recent advances in optical component design space. We also propose a scalable version of PROPEL, called E-PROPEL which can scale to 256 cores. Our results indicate that PROPEL and E-PROPEL are power, cost and area-effective networks when compared to competing on-chip optical topologies when the number of optical components and overall power loss in the network are considered. Simulation results on synthetic traffic indicate that PROPEL performs better (throughput and power) than electrical and optical topologies.
doi:10.1145/1882486.1882516 dblp:conf/ancs/KodiM09 fatcat:sbd7peiiqzghblcylhhklrivfy