Defense responses of wheat plants (Triticum aestivum L.) against brown spot as a result of possible elicitors application

Elaine Pittner, Janaina Marek, Douglas Bortuli, Leandro Alvarenga Santos, Adriana Knob, Cacilda Marcia Duarte Rios Faria
2019 Arquivos do Instituto Biológico  
ABSTRACT: The objective of this research was to evaluate the response of wheat plants to the application of possible elicitor compounds against Bipolaris sorokiniana pathogen. This response was measured through the quantification of antioxidant enzymes, malondialdehyde and flavonoids, evaluation of the severity of brown spot disease and productivity in wheat, greenhouse and field crops. The treatments consisted of suspensions of endophytic fungi Aspergillus japonicus and Trichoderma tomentosum,
more » ... salicylic acid, acibenzolar-S-methyl and fungicide. In the field trials, in 2015 and 2016, the development of the disease was lower and productivity was higher in all treatments, with emphasis on the fungicide. However, endophytic fungi suspensions demonstrated potential as growth promoters, disease severity reducers and protective antioxidant response activators, as they promoted significant increase in superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione and flavonoid enzymes.
doi:10.1590/1808-1657000312017 fatcat:n34sla4vl5calmobbwthntdviy