Glycosylation Profile of a Recombinant Urokinase-type Plasminogen Activator Receptor Expressed in Chinese Hamster Ovary Cells
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Association of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) to cells via binding to its specific cellular receptor (uPAR) augments the potential of these cells to support plasminogen activation, a process that has been implicated in the degradation of extracellular matrix proteins during cell migration and tissue remodeling. The uPA receptor is a glycolipid-anchored membrane protein belonging to the Ly-6/uPAR superfamily and is the only multidomain member identified so far. We have now purified
... have now purified the three individual domains of a recombinant soluble uPAR variant, expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells, after limited proteolysis using chymotrypsin and pepsin. The glycosylation patterns of these domains have been determined by matrix assisted laser desorption ionization and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Of the five potential attachment sites for asparagine-linked carbohydrate in uPAR only four are utilized, as the tryptic peptide derived from domain III containing Asn 233 was quantitatively recovered without carbohydrate. The remaining four attachment sites were shown to exhibit site-specific microheterogeneity of the asparagine-linked carbohydrate. The glycosylation on Asn 52 (domain I) and Asn 172 (domain II) is dominated by the smaller biantennary complex-type oligosaccharides, while Asn 162 (domain II) and Asn 200 (domain III) predominantly carry tri-and tetraantennary complex-type oligosaccharides. The carbohydrate moiety on Asn 52 in uPAR domain I could be selectively removed by N-glycanase treatment under nondenaturing conditions. This susceptibility was abrogated when uPAR participitated in a bimolecular complex with pro-uPA or smaller receptor binding derivatives thereof, demonstrating the proximity of the ligand-binding site to this particular carbohydrate moiety. uPAR preparations devoid of carbohydrate on domain I exhibited altered binding kinetics toward uPA (a 4 -6-fold increase in K d ) as assessed by real time biomolecular interaction analysis.