Tandem-Homodimer of a β-Sheet-Forming Short Peptide Inhibits Random-to-β Structural Transition of Its Original Monomer

Kin-ya Tomizaki, Tomomi Iori, Hideyasu Fukushima, Yasuhiro Nakabayashi, Yoshiki Matsumoto, Takahito Imai
2020 Processes  
There is an increasing interest in designing fibrillogenesis modulators for treating amyloid β (Aβ)-peptide-associated diseases. The use of Aβ fragment peptides and their derivatives, as well as nonpeptidyl natural products, is one promising approach to prevent Aβ fibrillation. In this study, we demonstrate that tandem-homodimers (TDs) of a β-sheet-forming short peptide in which the amino acid sequence is duplicated in series and joined via an amino alkanoic acid linker of different chain
more » ... fferent chain lengths, preventing the random-to-β structural transition of the original monomer. Ape5-TD, containing 5-amino pentanoate, most potently prevented this transition for at least five days by generating disordered aggregates with reduced tryptic stability. The linkers in the TDs generated this inhibitory activity, probably due to their bent conformations and hydrophobicity, appropriate for accommodating and twisting the monomers, resulting in irregular arrangements of the peptides. The present study could allow the design of a new class of protein/peptide fibrillogenesis modulators.
doi:10.3390/pr8111421 fatcat:xrzc7yx4vnc3rn3mzgibvpa6nu