A Qualitative Study of Healthcare Experiences Among Chinese Homebound Adults Receiving Home Health Care Services [post]

Rui Zhou, Joyce Cheng, Shuangshuang Wang, Nengliang (Aaron) Yao
2020 unpublished
Background: Home health care services (HHC) are emerging in China to meet increased healthcare needs among the homebound population, but research examining the efficiency and effectiveness of this new care model is rare. This study aimed to investigate care recipients' experiences with HHC and areas for improvement in China.Methods: This research was a qualitative study based on semi-structured interviews. Qualitative data were collected from homebound adults living in Jinan, Zhangqiu, and
more » ... hai, China. A sample of 17 homebound participants aged 45 or older (mean age = 76) who have received home-based clinical care were recruited. Colaizzi's descriptive phenomenological method was used to generate qualitative codes and identify themes.Results: The evaluations of participants' experiences with HHC yielded both positive and negative aspects. Positive experiences included: 1) the healthcare delivery method was convenient for homebound older adults; 2) health problems could be detected in a timely manner because doctors visited regularly; 3) home care providers had better bedside manners and technical skills than did hospital-based providers; 4) medical insurance typically covered the cost of home care services. Areas that could potentially be improved included: 1) the scope of HHC services was too limited to meet all the needs of homebound older adults; 2) the visit time was too short; 3) healthcare providers' technical skills varied greatly.Conclusions: Findings from this study suggested that the HHC model benefited Chinese older adults, primarily homebound adults, in terms of convenience and affordability. There are opportunities to expand the scope of home health care services and improve the quality of care. Policymakers may consider providing more resources and incentives to enhance HHC in China. Educational programs may be created to train more HHC providers and improve their technical skills.Trial registration: Not applicable
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-79311/v1 fatcat:gbq7weq7onclphsrvu6ifxxx34