Credit Card Fraud Detection Using Machine Learning As Data Mining Technique

Shu Ong, Saravanan Yee, Nurul Sagadevan, Hassain Ahamed, Malim
The rapid participation in online based transactional activities raises the fraudulent cases all over the world and causes tremendous losses to the individuals and financial industry. Although there are many criminal activities occurring in financial industry, credit card fraudulent activities are among the most prevalent and worried about by online customers. Thus, countering the fraud activities through data mining and machine learning is one of the prominent approaches introduced by scholars
more » ... intending to prevent the losses caused by these illegal acts. Primarily, data mining techniques were employed to study the patterns and characteristics of suspicious and non-suspicious transactions based on normalized and anomalies data. On the other hand, machine learning (ML) techniques were employed to predict the suspicious and non-suspicious transactions automatically by using classifiers. Therefore, the combination of machine learning and data mining techniques were able to identify the genuine and non-genuine transactions by learning the patterns of the data. This paper discusses the supervised based classification using Bayesian network classifiers namely K2, Tree Augmented Naïve Bayes (TAN), and Naïve Bayes, logistics and J48 classifiers. After preprocessing the dataset using normalization and Principal Component Analysis, all the classifiers achieved more than 95.0% accuracy compared to results attained before preprocessing the dataset.